How 5G Will Enable Self-Driving Cars

Maddison Baldwin, Director of Information Technology, Volvo Cars

How 5G Will Enable Self-Driving CarsMaddison Baldwin, Director of Information Technology, Volvo Cars

Today, 5G technology is advancing rapidly in automotive applications, owing to the advancement of in-vehicle technologies, IoT developments, and the deployment of high-speed networks.

Fully autonomous vehicles require a 5G connection for thousands of cars in a city center. A real autonomous car requires higher bandwidth and lower latency than 4G, which is currently suitable for most IoT applications. Los Angeles and New York are among the cities expanding 5G coverage. While these networks are not usually built to aid autonomous vehicles, 5G cars will connect to them and use their infrastructure.



Intelligent Speed Assist (ISA) is an intriguing technology that may help build driverless vehicles. If the car travels faster than the posted speed limit, the GPS will alert the driver. If the vehicle is going too fast, the ISA system can warn the driver or slow the vehicle down. A map with speed limitations will be crucial for driverless cars. Speed limit signs may not be plentiful enough to keep self-driving cars informed with machine learning and AI. Some tiny towns have no or few signs or signs that are damaged or missing.

Lane assist is another fantastic technology already employed in today's cars like BMW. A car's location on the road can be determined via GPS, cameras, or radar. This system will be developed until an autonomous automobile can stay in its lane at any speed and in any circumstance. Lane assist driving will be like a well-trained horse that always trots at the same rate.

5G and Self-Driving Vehicles

One of the most significant characteristics of 5G is that it will enable cars to communicate. This allows the transmission of data, ranging from present speed and destination to historical road conditions. A vehicle traveling in one way automatically exchanges data with another vehicle traveling in the opposite direction.

At stoplights and stop signs, cars will communicate with one another. Drivers that run red lights will become extinct. Several decades from now, in the long run, people may see the abolition of stoplights and stop signs entirely since driverless automobiles can coordinate their movements without the aid of a sign or signal. Traffic congestion will be minimized or eliminated when self-driving cars may travel closer together. Additionally, autonomous vehicles do not slow to a crawl.

5G autos will also detect signals transmitted by 5G phones carried by pedestrians. This is one approach for autonomous cars to avoid colliding with pedestrians at crosswalks or junctions. Even if a car's radar and cameras cannot detect a person, they will notice the signal emanating from their phone. Additionally, 5G-enabled autonomous vehicles will be able to connect to a city's innovative grid network to seek available parking, access services, and other benefits people have not yet envisioned. Perhaps school buses, construction vehicles, and ambulances will broadcast their whereabouts for self-driving automobiles to reroute around them.

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